By Loek Groot, Robert-Jan van der Veen
Persisting unemployment, poverty and social exclusion, labour marketplace flexibility, task lack of confidence and better salary inequality, altering patters of labor and family members existence are one of the components that exert strain on welfare states in Europe. This ebook explores the possibility of an unconditional easy source of revenue, with no ability try out or paintings requirement, to satisfy the demanding situations posed by means of the hot social query, in comparison to rules of backed insertion in paintings. It additionally assesses the political possibilities of simple source of revenue in numerous ecu nations. those issues are hugely proper to policy-makers within the box of labour markets and social protection, economists, political philosophers, and a social technological know-how viewers generally.
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Additional resources for Basic Income on the Agenda: Policy Objectives and Political Chances
45 Basic Income on the Agenda So, although a general wage cost subsidy will probably increase employment in the short run, the expected decline in unemployment is small and the impact on the poverty rate negligible. The long-term effects of a general wage subsidy might differ from the short-term effects, firstly, if the wage subsidy hampers the upward mobility of low wage earners, and secondly, if part of the wage subsidy is appropriated by the workers. This might be a disincentive to invest in skills, something which, in the long run, also hinders productivity growth and hence economic growth.
It may be said, perhaps, that the proponents of basic income in the traditional sense of full unconditional grants at social minimum level will not receive maximum reassurance from what is said. , and De Beer’s cautious assessment of short- and long-term advantages, is to revert to the well-tested strategy of pointing out that if basic income cannot win out on any one or two policy objectives, then surely it may still prove superior on a more inclusive set of objectives. We shall not be offering examples of this seductive reasoning here, but point out the connection between the themes of Robeyns (gender equality) and Hemerijck (citizenship) in Part I and to the ‘middle range effect’, described by Fitzpatrick (1999: 44-45) as follows:‘...
In this setting, basic income does not seem much of an issue, primarily because the area of basic security itself does not yet stand out as being particularly problematic. Even where basic security certainly is seen to be problematic, as in Germany, the predominance of social insurance, the sheer complexity of the patchwork of social assistance, and the tradition of corporatist wage bargaining practices present conditions under which a basic income solution, such as Mitschke’s Bürgergeld, may in the end be rather far removed from what are perceived to be politically viable deviations from the status quo, as Lessenich notes in his instructive discussion of the policy stance of the social-democratic Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
Basic Income on the Agenda: Policy Objectives and Political Chances by Loek Groot, Robert-Jan van der Veen