By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics examine and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains procedure simplification and intensification in undefined, offering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions mark downs and effort defense. complex membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental purposes offers a finished assessment of membrane utilisation and integration inside strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and gasoline strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 reports membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, typical gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for replacement power functions and effort garage, resembling membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its amazing editors and group of professional individuals, complicated membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers drawn to this field.
- Presents a complete evaluation of membrane technological know-how and expertise, concentrating on advancements and purposes in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane approaches and separation and membrane characterization and fiscal analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute power purposes and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Extra info for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
The authors reported that the thermal properties of PVDF nanocomposite membrane diminished after adding modiﬁed clay nanoparticles. In another work, various kinds of clay particles (Closite Naþ, Closite 15A, Closite 20A, and Closite 30B) were incorporated into PVDF membrane by a solution mixing method and PVDFeclay nanocomposite membranes were prepared by the phase inversion method (Hwang, Kim, Kim, Hong, & Nam, 2011). Improved mechanical properties and thermal stability against shrinkage were obtained by incorporating clay particles into the PVDF matrix.
In contrast, Koh et al. (2010) did not ﬁnd considerable improvement in the mechanical properties of PVDFehexaﬂuoropropylene (PVDFeHFP)eclay nanocomposite membranes because of the increased porosity of the nanocomposite membranes. Ghaemi et al. (2011) synthesized PESÀorganically modiﬁed montmorillonite (OMMT) nanocomposites using Closite 15A and reported signiﬁcant changes to the membrane skin layer and sublayer with increasing clay concentration in the casting solution. They declared that the addition of OMMT can be effective in considerably improving membrane hydrophilicity and thermal and mechanical resistance as well as pesticide retention capability at different solution conditions (acidic and neutral).
2009). , 2009). , 2009). Yu, Xu, et al. (2009) synthesized organiceinorganic PVDFeSiO2 composite hollow ﬁber ultraﬁltration membranes using a sol-gel and wet-spinning process. The microstructure, mechanical property, thermal stability, hydrophilicity, permeability, and fouling resistance of composite membranes improved signiﬁcantly by an appropriate choice of TEOS concentration (3 wt%). The phase inversion process was also used by researchers as a simple and applicable technique to prepare polymeresilica-mixed matrix membranes.
Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications by Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi