By John B. Saunders et al.
Substance use and comparable addictive issues price among the head 4 chance elements contributing to the worldwide burden of disorder and shape an more and more vital a part of clinical and healthcare perform. Substance use problems may cause, mimic, underlie or complicate a lot of universal clinical and psychiatric problems. creating a right prognosis of the substance use affliction can facilitate medical prognosis, stay away from pointless checks, shorten health facility remain and make the clinician and patient's lifestyles more uncomplicated and safer.
Part of the winning Oxford expert Handbooks sequence, the second one version of Addiction Medicine is a concise and useful advisor for college kids, practitioners of drugs and different healthiness professions who come into touch with individuals with substance use problems. delivering updated useful evaluation, analysis, remedy and administration strategies, this variation expands at the first version via up-to-date content material and international insurance of dependancy medicine.
Edited by means of a world crew of skilled psychiatrists really expert in addictions, Addiction drugs, moment edition includes every little thing you must recognize to aid within the evaluation, prognosis and medical administration of sufferers with substance use and similar addictive disorders.
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Additional info for Addiction medicine
Death from alcohol overdose. Making psychoactive substances available only on prescription can be understood as a form of licensing their distribution for exclusively therapeutic purposes. There is, however, a strong connection between illicit supply and medical practice. g. heroin was developed as a powerful, injectable pain reliever. Echoes of this phenomenon include the flooding of illicit drug markets in the UK in the 1960s with pharmaceutical heroin due to overprescribing by ‘approved’ private practitioners.
Characteristics of the subculture, be it a sports group, youth group, and musical interests. g. licensed outlets for purchase of alcohol, tobacconist shops or supermarkets, nightclubs, and the extent of the illicit drug market. • Economic availability of psychoactive substances such as the cost of a substance in relation to disposable income, and the extent of taxation. • The legal status of a substance—in general when a substance is illicit there is a reduction in its availability, with fewer people taking up its use; however, there may be opposite forces at play including making use of an illicit substance attractive and seductive to potential users and also the impact of criminalizing people who are simply in possession of an illicit substance for personal consumption.
29 Chapter 3 Pharmacology and pathophysiology Pharmacology 32 Pharmacology of individual substances 35 The neurobiology of substance use disorders 48 The genetics of substance use disorders 52 31 32 Chapter 3 Pharmacology and pathophysiology Pharmacology Many thousands of psychoactive substances exist and many have abuse and dependence potential. g. according to their chemical structure, their pharmacological actions, their legal status, and their place in different societies. A pharmacological approach is taken in the present text, on the basis that this most clearly illustrates what effects they have, why people use them, and what problems may emerge as a consequence of their actions.
Addiction medicine by John B. Saunders et al.