By Fischer, W.
Translated from the German by way of Jonathan Rogers
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Classical Arabic
In addition, since the writers had access to manuscripts now lost, they often used old scholia that we do not possess and that we can only recover from a study of the Byzantine notes. Moreover Byzantine scholars occasionally had good ideas of their own—and of course the scholia recentiora are crucial for the study of Byzantine scholarship. 944), whose recasting of older scholia preserves much ancient material. 1180) produced numerous surviving commentaries on classical authors, many of which contain important information on the work of earlier scholars.
Useful studies of the lexicon include those of Haslam (1994), Erbse (1960: 407–32), and Schenck (1974). F. Montanari (1996b) offers a good introduction with further bibliography. Apion,11 who lived in the late first century bc and first century ad, compiled an etymologizing Homeric lexicon entitled Glw÷ssai @Omhrikaiv, and a work of that title with Apion’s name attached has survived, but the surviving work is probably not the one Apion wrote. Apion’s own work was one of the principal sources of Apollonius Sophista, who quotes from it extensively, showing that this lexicon was different from the one we possess.
At a later date Symmachus’ commentary or one of its descendants, along with some other material, was copied into the generous margins of a book of the plays of Aristophanes and formed the archetype of our extant scholia. Perhaps the most important of the additional sources of our scholia is the metrical commentary on Aristophanes written by Heliodorus13 around ad 100. This commentary is often studied apart from the other scholia, for it is crucial for our understanding of ancient metrical theory but of limited use in understanding Aristophanes.
A Grammar of Classical Arabic by Fischer, W.